Why is this issue being kept under wraps?

Jewish women? Wearing burqas and abayas/jilbab? In Ramat Beit Shemesh?

Haaretz reported recently of a group of charedi women who, under the tutelage of a Rebbetzin Bruria Keren, have sought to take tznius (modesty) to the next level — voluntarily eschewing (covered) wigs and kerchiefs for hijabs and burkas. Jameel over at the Muqata translates some of the article (which, if your Hebrew permits, is very worth reading):

“I don’t want men to look at me. I’m happy being modest. In the past, I felt uncomfortable to walk around [sans-burka], in such a wanton fashion. At first, I just wore a wig. Now, when I see a woman with a wig, I pray to G-d to forgive her for wearing that “thing” on her head. It’s difficult. We get humiliated. What haven’t they said to me? My neighbors yelled at me, “Leave us alone, you smelly arab.” I was pushed. But this is a test from G-d. At the Central Bus Station I undergo security checks and am asked for identification. I don’t want men seeing my ID picture, so I just show them my children to prove I’m not an Arab.”

–Quote from a Burka and Hijab wearing Jewish woman in her late 20s, who lives in Jerusalem.

And this woman is not alone.

MomInIsrael, the source of the above graphic, captions said photo with an anecdotal story about where the photo was taken:

A friend of mine attended an odd wedding and shared some pictures of the new fashions. The one on the left is wearing three head coverings: one under her chin, one covering her forehead, and one going all the way down her back. This is in addition to a full-length cloak….According to the Haaretz article, a woman called Rabbanit (rebbetzin, wife of the rabbi) Keren is behind this approach. She has ten children and leaves the house as infrequently as possible. She also maintains a “taanit dibur,” a speech fast, except for four hours a week when she gives classes and treats women as an alternative therapist. I don’t know how she manages not to speak with her husband and children. She wears ten layers of clothing…and advises women to switch the heels of their shoes so that they won’t click. Makeup and perfume are also taboo.

Toward the end of the Haaretz article, the author quotes a professor who suggests that this extreme modesty is similar to anorexia. I agree; it’s obsessive behavior…Or maybe I’m being judgmental? When rabbis in certain circles emphasize women’s modesty above all other virtues, it’s no wonder that some will take things to the extreme.

While some bloggers are being humorous about this, I have the same fear as Israeli blogger Tali, if this gains acceptance, then this could have horrible repercussions: were this to be the standard legislated by the various Mishmarot ha’Tzniut (Modesty Patrols), this would equal a drastic change in the lives of religious women in these communities. Even the most pious women are content now to cover their (synthetic, of course) wigs or to wear faux silk rolls covered by kerchiefs — this would mean saying no to sheitels and yes to abayas. Like one commenter over at Muqata noted, “[if] the Rabbanim are pushed by radical women into mandating this, Judaism will be permanently changed.” (And while the Mishnah in Shabbat 6:6 does refer to Jewish women wearing niqab and other veils, it says only the “bnot Yisra’el she’b’Aravia”, the Jewish women who lived in Arabia, went around like that, “in the way of Arab women”.)

The blog Tikkun Olam echoes my other fear: if this gets adopted by any sizable community or authority — especially in light of the already radicalizing charedi elements in Israel’s strengthening and growing — it will effectively kill Judaism “as a viable choice” for most people.

One man, according to the Haaretz article, took his wife to beit din (Rabbinical court) upon her decision to wear a burqa, saying she had done horrible damage to their shalom bayit with her new choice of garb and her refusal to stop wearing it. The court ordered a divorce even though he didn’t request one…because of her bizarre behavior. Rebbetzin Keren is doing klal Yisra’el no favors by teaching these women to wear burkas and abayas, on the contrary.

Modern Orthodox and less radical charedi Jews in the area have already begun to voice their frustration with the radical elements who insist on beating, burning, and stoning their way into legislating their outlook with “ongoing Orthodox-on-Orthodox violence”. Virtually all American Orthodox Jews would be targets of tznius patrols were this to be considered the new standard for haredim, even if only in Ramat Beit Shemesh Bet, or worse, chas v’shalom, were a Rabbinical authority to rule in favor of the attire.

Yesh g’vul.

Y-Love

A modern charedi Jew-by-choice since 2000, and igniting headphones with Torah hiphop since 2001.

Originally from Maryland and now holding it down in the shtetlach of New York, won the Jewish Music Awards for "Best Hiphop" in 2006.Vocally anti-prejudice and pro-unity.

Love me, hate me, or debate me, know you can't ignore me, though.

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30 Comments

  1. froylein

    1/28/2008 at 1:49 pm

    The shearing off of hair and wearing of wigs by married Jewish women was a fashion that only picked up in the 18th century CE in Central Europe, emulating a Christian fashion of doing so starting in the 16th century CE after rediscovering this originally Ancient Roman fashion. (Several rabbis of that time even opposed that fashion, but were unable to stop it.)
    It’s an alarming trend when ‘religious’ extremists try to raise their personal ignorance and issues to the level of dogmas. I once read a great article by an Orthodox rabbi on why it was important for the torah to elaborate on the physical beauty of the matriarchs – they were not pious and wise women because they looked too smurfy to do any better than being pious and wise, but they were astonishing beauties that, despite being able to lead a way easier life as some ‘arm candy’, also were wise and pious.

  2. themiddle

    1/28/2008 at 2:29 pm

    Good post, YLove.

    I’m afraid that unless some prominent rabbis put a stop to this rapidly, your hopes are going to be dashed within some short years. Extremism pushes its adherents to further extremism and they feel perfectly comfortable pushing everybody else into their corner. As you wrote, sometimes they will use violence and threats to get their way. What was once some people speaking negatively about women wearing the “wrong” clothes, became closed communities where women were “restricted” by the community, then turned into the occasional attack on women outside the community who did not meet standards, and is now being converted into this burqa craziness.

  3. DK

    1/28/2008 at 3:12 pm

    All of this just goes to prove that those of us who are shouted down every time we find any sort of parallel or crossover in anything between fundamentalist Jews and fundamentalist Muslims were clearly imagining it.

  4. froylein

    1/28/2008 at 3:16 pm

    I once found this on the internet…
    Find the woman

  5. Jewish Mother

    1/28/2008 at 4:33 pm

    Bad. Modesty is composed of 1) common sense in attire, and 3) a mental component – a modest mentality, and way a way of acting and talking that contains innocence.

    If the proper intention is there, all will be fine. If not, no amount of cloth will help.

    The not-talking part gives away that this Rabbanit is anti-life. Reminds me of when Rabbi Akiva was told by G-d not to burn up the material world with his eyes. We are cautioned severely not to ADD to the law either. Not just to not subtract from it.

    Worshiping cloth is making an idol. The cloth won’t save you.

  6. Jewish Mother

    1/28/2008 at 5:40 pm

    If men are treating these women disrespectfully, that has to be confronted head-on. This veiling is ducking the problem, by hiding, and will not work. It is cowardice posing as virtue.

    As for not talking to your children …

    How well the force of darkness knows how to use people’s desire to be good against them!

  7. themiddle

    1/28/2008 at 5:48 pm

    Oh, I forgot to mention that this burqa movement is an extension of the new segragated buses movement. It’s all part of a larger move to extreme observance.

  8. DK

    1/28/2008 at 6:05 pm

    themiddle,

    Yes and no. True, there is a larger move to extreme observance, no doubt. But the altter case was actually inspired by the (so-called) “Gedolim.”

  9. Jewish Mother

    1/28/2008 at 6:12 pm

    The exact same people who like segregated buses are giving this Rabbanit and her followers a very hard time – constant criticism, even shoving. Good.

    Post 1 says it all.

  10. themiddle

    1/28/2008 at 6:21 pm

    I see it as one and the same. The point is the increasing frumminess across the board, to a degree where even the best respected MO rabbis in the US now have to bow down to the Israeli rabbinate.

  11. Y-LOVE

    1/28/2008 at 8:51 pm

    “As for not talking to your children…”

    THAT right THERE says it all. Why is that a virtue to be upheld? For the sake of modesty, not speaking to your own son? Or your husband?

  12. Pingback: Sarx » My Israel Right or Wrong

  13. Jewish Mother

    1/29/2008 at 10:54 am

    Dear Sarx, post 12: Please note this veiling is being criticized here on its own merits, with no mention of any other group.

    The silence, or speech-fasting, is not about modesty, it is an attempt to be very pure and unworldly. Unforgiveable in a mother with children at home.

    This has a false-messiah, cult-like smell, and should be ruled against quickly, before the charismatic Rabbanit ensnares any more women in this Chillul Hashem. That means bringing disgrace to G-d’s reputation.

    The trust, and respect, between Jewish women and Jewish men, mutually and in both directions, is the foundation of the world. She is acting as if the women have to hide from the men, a grave insult to the men. She has “spit in her father’s face”.

  14. froylein

    1/29/2008 at 10:59 am

    Indeed, JM, not talking to her children is a gross neglect of her children’s needs, and it makes one wonder whether she is fit to be a role model when she does not seem too fit for parenting.

  15. Y-Love

    1/29/2008 at 12:29 pm

    If any of this Rebbetzin’s children are daughters, I feel sorry for them. To be raised to believe that you must live your entire life in silence, not even ever speaking to your sisters or brothers…or husband or children. (And if she doesn’t talk, how does she discipline them?)

    In Me’ah She’arim, some women aren’t supposed to talk in public. In Ramat Beit Shemesh, apparently some women aren’t supposed to talk.

    They are raised to believe that to wear 10 layers of clothes and never to leave the house is to be tzaddeket (righteous woman).

    🙁

  16. froylein

    1/29/2008 at 1:20 pm

    It’s way beyond sad; it’s cruel. Sometime back in the past (1700s or 1800s if I’m not mistaken), some monarch had a large number of newborns taken into his custody (the original report said they all were orphans, but I’m not too convinced of that) and had nurses look after them to feed them and to clean them. The nurses, however, were strictly forbidden to talk to the children and / or caress them. That monarch wanted to find out if language production abilities are innate and if so, what language children spoke uninfluenced by their environment (he mused it might be their parents’ language, Hebrew as “the oldest language”, or Latin as “the classic language”). All of those children died before they reached the age of language production even though they were technically taken care of.

    Oh, and Y-Love, *the look* is a silent way of disciplining somebody. Just sayin’…

  17. AaronfromWG

    1/29/2008 at 1:43 pm

    It should be against the law for these women to wear Head coverings or Burkas. How dare they have the right to wear what they want. Shave all their heads and give them wigs. Thats more like it.

  18. Gila

    1/29/2008 at 2:45 pm

    Truly truly frightening. If I were not living here in Israel, I might find it funny. But I can seriously envision some crackpot (but important) rabbi picking this up and-whammo-the Eshet Chayil will be silent, stuck in her house, and wearing piles of clothes.

    Incidentally, if the Rabbanit recommends that women leave the house as little as possible, speak as little as possible and, in short, have as little as possible contact with the outside world, how are these ladies supposed to work and support their husbands in kollel?

    Another point–10 layers of clothing? In the summer? In Israel?

    Yucko….. Don’t sit next to one of them on the bus.

    Gila

  19. JSinger

    1/29/2008 at 3:55 pm

    That article is the most gratifying thing I’ve read all day.

    Mi kaf regel v’ad rosh is from my bar mitzvah haftarah. How fortunate we are to live in an age where an article in an Israeli newspaper begins with Isaiah’s turn of phrase!

    I stopped reading at that point, though, figuring my mood could only go downhill from there…

  20. Joanne

    1/29/2008 at 5:54 pm

    Wow, talk about Islamic cultural influence! Maybe there’s a silver lining to this cloud, however. If the ultra-orthodox make themselves to appear more and more like the Islamists in their practices, then maybe other Israelis will be so turned off to them that the orthodox in general will lose their out-of-proportion power within Israeli politics.

  21. urban gypsy

    1/29/2008 at 10:36 pm

    I found this post extremely shocking, and it is difficult for me to believe that this would take off in popularity in any way. How prevalent is this? Odd fringe groups always get all the press…

    Regarding the commenter from Muqata who said that, “[if] the Rabbanim are pushed by radical women into mandating this, Judaism will be permanently changed.” Well, since when have radical women ever succeeded in pushing rabbanim into anything? If someone has an example, please share. I don’t know much about the history of this and am wondering how many times women have managed to exert their influence on the Israeli Rabbanut in such a fashion?

  22. Y-LOVE

    1/31/2008 at 2:03 am

    The “radical women” push their husbands into mandating this as the “new standard”– and then burqas are commonplace.

    This of course could cause a reverse reactionary backlash, and rabbanim could begin (gasp!) relaxing standards…

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  24. Sharon

    1/31/2008 at 5:09 pm

    This rebetzin sounds mentally ill.

  25. Ben-David

    2/2/2008 at 1:26 pm

    Unfortunately, the rabbinic leadership has repeatedly demonstrated their total lack of spine when faced with such situations.

    There is enormous peer pressure among these “sages” to not be caught out – not be seen as more lenient that other prominent rabbis. So they repeatedly fall into the trap of being manipulated by “askanim” – fanatical “community leaders” who often misrepresent the situation to get a Rabbinic signature on a ban.

    This is what happened with the ban on Rabbi Slifkin’s books about evolution – people who had never read the books condemned them.

  26. Y-LOVE

    2/6/2008 at 10:07 am

    See here. It’s not a rabbinical “lack of spine”, these types of things, if they are advocated, are eventually seen as “what the people want”, the “decree” that the people can “stand on”, and then it gets legislated.

    Look at kashrus for Passover for instance. For example, once, I asked a Rosh Kollel in Flatbush once about the whole “no processed food” thing some Hasidim take on during Passover. He responded with a story of a woman who had asked him if she could eat her Seder meal in her dining room. She had forgotten to wash the walls for Passover.

    “The walls?” the rav asked.

    “Yes, can I eat there even though I didn’t wash the walls?”

    “Were you eating on the wall?”

    “No, of course not.”

    “So why are you asking?”

    “It’s Pesach!” was the reply.

    “No you don’t have to wash your walls”. Of course she did anyway, and if she had students (b/c as we see above, Rebbetzin Keren is not a rabbi), chances are, she’d tell them to wash their walls too. And once enough women are doing it, it becomes “tradition” or “what the velt does” or “how the velt fiert zich” and then things get codified.

  27. mikha'el

    2/15/2008 at 3:16 am

    Thanks the God our women are starting to follow the halakha of married women wearing a radhidh over their miTpaHath in public. A return to authentic Jewish culture and halakha is finally happening! True servants of the God will give praise. Others will scoff.

  28. Jewish Mother

    2/15/2008 at 12:38 pm

    If this catches on, which I doubt , it would be much easier to bomb Jewish neighborhoods. It would be the end of all security there.

    The Bet Din ruled against this, with startling force. Imagine, they ordered him to divorce his veiled wife, and he hadn’t even asked for that. Good for the Bet Din. So we DO TOO have some competent authorities.

    No, Judaism is not a mental illness. It is a major civilisation and the source of much that you see around you. Shabbat Shalom.

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